How to check the (brown) ceramic capacitors on motherboards.
Simple, using a standard Ohm meter in the Resistance mode. Since the biggest problems with caps when they fail is the become either a direct short, or they will never store capacitance (open).
The meter reads in the ohm mode by sending a small amount of electricity through resistors and report the difference in Ohms. Test with the RED lead on one side and Black on the other. One direction will give you a high resistance ~2000Ω and then reverse the leads on the meter and the other direction should give you Infinity. This is an OK capacitor. If you have a very low resistance or 0 (zero) Ohms, the capacitor is shorted.